Interventional Radiology

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Minimally Invasive Procedures

Interventional radiology (IR) applies minimally-invasive image-guided procedures to treat diseases in most organs.

Also known as vascular and interventional radiology, this is a medical specialty that offers a way to use the least invasive techniques to minimize the risk to the patient.

One of the biggest benefits of interventional surgery is being able to avoid open surgery in many cases. Interventional radiologists can now see the inside of the body and care for serious conditions like cancer and cardiovascular disease. And do so with unprecedented precision.

What is Interventional Radiology?

Interventional radiology is one of the biggest advances in the medical industry decreasing the risk and pain to patients while also offering a shorter recovery time.

A surgeon makes a small incision in the skin and inserts a catheter into a large blood vessel at the recipient site where the procedure is to take place. An imaging technique such as an X-ray, CT or MRI scan, or ultrasound is utilized to guide the catheter.

Interventional radiology allows for the delivery of precise and targeted treatment to complex conditions and life-threatening diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, uterine fibroids, varicose veins and other medical concerns.

There are some important reasons to getting an interventional radiology in San Bernardino:

  • Can be performed on an outpatient basis
  • Cheaper than many typical surgeries
  • Less pain than open surgery
  • Less risk than open surgery
  • Shorter stay in hospital than with most complex surgeries
  • Shorter recovery time than open surgery

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(909) 747-0371, Ext 300

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Types of interventional radiology procedures

It’s interesting how many inventive ways interventional radiology can help in surgery. It can help manage cancer diseases involving breast, colon, esophagus, gallbladder, lung, melanoma, pancreas, rectum, sarcoma, and stomach. Here are some of the common interventional radiology procedures:

Ablation: Ablation is often employed to lessen symptoms, treat tumors or eradicate tissue with extreme temperatures

Angiography: Blockages and other blood vessels issues in arteries and veins can be diagnosed

Balloon angioplasty: A small balloon can be inserted into blood vessels to open them up and can also open up clogged arteries in the arms, legs or the brain, among other parts of the body

Bone and joint: IR can supply relief from pain with bone and joint injections

Central venous access: A tube is inserted into the blood vessels to allow patients to get medication directly into their bloodstream

Chemotherapy: IR can decrease the number of needle pricks during chemotherapy treatments by offering patients temporary ports and PICC lines

Drainage: Catheters can help to drain excess fluid and provide comfort for some types of cancer

Embolization: Clotting agents can be sent directly to a problem area where the blood flow can be blocked to deal with issues such as aneurysm or fibroid tumor in the uterus

Fallopian catheterization: A catheter can open blocked fallopian tubes without the need for surgery

Gastrostomy: A tube can be inserted into the stomach to feed someone unable to eat by mouth

Liver: Bile can be drained from the liver using stent to release blocked ducts

Liver tumors: IR can offer treatments that are directly delivered to liver tumors, thus decreasing some of the side effects and saving healthy issue in the area

Radiofrequency ablation: With this option, the flow of blood can be blocked to/from a tumor

Stents: These flexible tubes are made of plastic or wire mesh to treat different conditions and hold open blood vessels that are clogged

Thrombolysis: This treatment dissolves blood clots by injecting drugs that deal with clots

Uterine fibroid embolization: Shrinks enlarged benign tumors in the uterus

Varicose vein: Can shrink enlarged veins in the legs

Vascular: With this option, bleeding can be stopped, the flow of blood blocked (to/from tumor tissue), and stents placed

Vertebroplasty: Cares for fractures and lesions in the spinal column

Why Choose Cal Med Physicians and Surgeons?

Cal Med Physicians and Surgeons is a premier surgical provider group whose mission is to offer the highest quality health care to residents of the Inland Empire.

Formerly known as Arrowhead Community Surgical Medical Group, Inc., Cal Med is a unique group with approximately 35 licenses and board certified surgeons including neurosurgeons, ophthalmologists, ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialists, oral, vascular and general surgeons.

Our surgeons serve as the main surgical providers (except for orthopedics) at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, including in the level 2 trauma center and regional burn center, and provide surgical services at Community Hospital of San Bernardino and Redlands Community Hospital. Our neurosurgeons provide services not only at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, but also at Riverside University Health System Medical Center and Desert Regional Medical Center.

Our president, Dev Gnanadev, M.D., is an associate medical director and chairman of the surgery department at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center.

Please contact our office by phone or complete the appointment request form. Our scheduling coordinator will contact you to confirm your appointment.

Call us Today (909) 747-0371, Ext 300